What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition that results in the body’s abnormal handling of glucose.
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel.If you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the causes may differ. Too much glucose can lead to serious health problems.
Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes — when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes — and gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered. Long term complications may affect eyes(blindness), nerves(peripheral neuropathy), kidneys, heart, and skin.
How Common is Diabetes?
- Every 6 seconds a person dies from diabetes
- 1 in 11 adults has diabetes
- 1 in 2 adults with diabetes do not know they have it
- 29.1 million people have diabetes
- 86 million people, more than 1 out of 3 adults, have prediabetes
- Medical costs for people with diabetes are twice as high as for people without it
- Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S.
- Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2, only 10% are type 1.
Three Types of Diabetes
Type 1: Juvenile Diabetes
A chronic condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone made by the body that removes glucose from the blood and moves it into various cells in the body, where the glucose is to be used a fuel source. This results in a buildup of glucose in the blood, which over time can damage other organs. Individuals with this type of diabetes are usually on insulin therapy, which typically involves taking insulin shots on a daily basis.
- Typically diagnosed in children and young adults
- People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year
- Affects 5-10% of population
- The exact cause of Type I is unknown
- Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
Type 2 Diabetes
A chronic condition that affects the way the body produces glucose. The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance). This is the most common form, and is often called adult-onset diabetes. It affects millions of Americans, and many are not even aware they have it. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is either not producing enough insulin or the cells in the body are not responding properly to insulin. Either way, glucose is not moving correctly from the bloodstream into the cells, where it’s needed. This results in the buildup of glucose in the blood stream, which can lead to a variety of complications that can affect, for example, your eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart, and skin.
Obesity is another condition that tends to worsen the effects of diabetes. Studies have shown that exercise can significantly reduce blood glucose levels. Diet also plays an important role. For more specific information about eating and lifestyle changes, speak to your doctor or a dietitian.
- Often called “adult-onset diabetes”
- Affects ~27 million Americans
- Genetics and family history of diabetes increases the risk of developing Type 2
- Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
Type 3: Gestational
A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose. It is typically managed with the help of your doctor, and it does not mean you will have diabetes after delivery, nor does it mean you had it before you became pregnant. It typically results from hormonal imbalances and usually resolves after delivery.
Other complications resulting from diabetes include high blood pressure, kidney disease, stroke, heart attack, and slow gastric emptying (gastroparesis). Diabetes affects multiple organs and can be a very damaging disease. The good news is that diabetes is very controllable. But it takes discipline and a willingness to make certain lifestyle changes, many of which are outlined in this book.
- Affects women who are pregnant, usually starting around 28 weeks.
- Usually the result of hormonal imbalances and typically resolves after delivery.
- Affects about 4 % of pregnant women.
ModiHealth Diabetes Services
The ModiHealth Diabetes Services put you in contact with knowledgeable professionals who are familiar with caring for individuals diagnosed with diabetes. Our Diabetes care services are designed to support you and your love ones through the maze of options presented to patients living with diabetes. Controlling blood sugar through diet, oral medications, or insulin is the main treatment. Regular screening for complications is also required.
We can support your doctor by providing you and you family with a variety of resources to simplify and complex problem and bring the support of a variety of professions and program conveniently to you. Through education, fitness programs, nutrition, and arrangement of social services, ModiHealth can help connect you to a more secure future.
We offer a number of programs that will support your diabetes management.
- My Diabetes personal Journey series (link)
- Healthy Eating Program (link)
- Stress/anxiety Management Program (link)
- Elder-Fitness program (link)
Virtual Consult Sessions
We offer virtual one-on-one telehealth sessions with professionals that will support you or your family member living with diabetes.
- Fitness Instructors
- Personal Trainers
- Health Coaches